Sages set out to console their followers by claiming that a whole range of alternatives were capable of filling the void created by the destruction. Not the least of these was the claim that Torah-study, alongside other acts of piety unrelated to the Temple, might achieve the same results as sacrificial worship. Consequently, words intended originally as consolation ultimately evolved into independent theological doctrine.


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The destruction of the Second Temple left its traumatic mark on two distinct areas of Jewish life. The loss of Judaism's religious center clearly represents the outstanding emotional blow to the nation. However, this was also accompanied by the destruction of the practical frameworks of Jewish life and authority structures that regulated Jewish behavior on a daily basis.  Both of these voids required immediate spiritual and practical solutions, with innovative steps taken by Jewish leaders and ultimately embraced by much of the nation.

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